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India Cooling Action Plan

On World Ozone Day, India’s Cooling Action Plan gets UN applaud.

Significance

➢ India is the first country in the world to develop such a document.

➢ The goals emerging from the suggested interventions stated in ICAP are:

➢ Reduction of cooling demand across sectors by 20% to 25 % by the year 2037-38.

➢ Reduction of refrigerant demand by 25% to 30% by the year 2037-38.

➢ Reduction of cooling energy requirements by 25% to 40% by the year 2037-38.

➢ Training and certification of 100,000 servicing sector technicians by the year 2022-23, in synergy with Skill India Mission.

➢ Recognize “cooling and related areas” as a thrust area of research under the national S&T Programme.

➢ The broad objectives of the India Cooling Action Plan include:

➢ Assessment of cooling requirements across sectors in the next 20 years and the associated refrigerant demand
and energy use.

➢ Map the technologies available to cater the cooling requirement including passive interventions, refrigerant-based technologies and alternative technologies such as not-in-kind technologies.

➢ Suggest interventions in each sector to provide for sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all.

➢ Focus on skilling of RAC service technicians.

➢ Develop an R&D innovation ecosystem for the indigenous development of alternative technologies.

The following benefits would accrue to society over and above the environmental benefits:

➢ Thermal comfort for all – provision for cooling for EWS and LIG housing.

➢ Sustainable cooling – low GHG emissions related to cooling.

➢ Doubling Farmers Income – better cold chain infrastructure – better value of products to farmers,
less wastage of produce.

➢ Skilled workforce for better livelihoods and environmental protection.

➢ Make in India – domestic manufacturing of air-conditioning and related cooling equipment’s.

➢ Robust R&D on alternative cooling technologies – to provide the push to innovation in a cooling
sector.

“32 years and healing” is the theme of 25th World Ozone Day celebrations. The theme signifies over three decades of remarkable international cooperation to protect the ozone layer and also the climate system under the Montreal Protocol. The abundance of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODSs) in the atmosphere is declining and a recent study has indicated that the ozone hole is recovering.

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