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Pangong Tso lake GS1( Geography)

A scuffle broke out between Indian and Chinese soldiers on the bank of the lake last Wednesday but the matter was swiftly resolved through talks between the two militaries.

Pangong Tso lake

One of the highest altitude lakes in the world that is filled with saline water.However, even though it is a saline water lake, Pangong Tso freezes completely during winters.

Pangong Tso is a long narrow landlocked lake situated at a height of more than 14,000 ft in the Ladakh Himalayas.

Its brackish water freezes over in winter and becomes ideal for ice skating and polo.

One-third of the lake which is around 45km is in Indian control while the rest of the 90 km is under Chinese control.


The lake does not have major tactical significance. But, it lies in the path of the Chushul approach, one of the main approaches that China can use for an offensive into Indian-held territory.

India-China Dispute

India and China share a nearly 4,000-km-long border, major parts of which are disputed. Both the countries are separated by the LAC in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir.

The Line of Actual Control (LAC) cuts through the lake but India and China do not agree on its exact location.

In 1999, when the Army unit from the area was moved to Kargil for Operation Vijay, China took the opportunity to build 5 km of road inside Indian Territory along the lake’s bank.

Hence, most of the clashes between the two armies occur in the disputed portion of the lake.

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