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Indo-European language origins GS2 - Geography

  •  Indo-European languages are the world’s biggest language group. 

  • This largest-ever study of ancient human DNA has shed light into Indo-European language origins.

  • It indicated that Indo-European languages arrived in Europe via the steppes.

  • It includes Hindi-Urdu, Farsi, Russian, English, French, Gaelic, and more than 400 other languages.

  • It suggests that the mass migration of Bronze Age herders from Eurasian Steppes, starting 5,000 years ago, westward to Europe and east to Asia.

  • Despite being spread over a vast area encompassing myriad cultures, these languages share uncanny similarities.

  • Similarities in syntax, numbers, basic adjectives and numerous nouns.

  • The study also found that the present-day speakers of both these groups descend from a subgroup of steppe herders.

  • They moved west toward Europe 5,000 years ago, then spread back east to Central and South Asia in the following 1,500 years.

  •  It also found that,

1. South Asians who today speak Dravidian languages (mainly in southern India and southwestern Pakistan) had very little steppe DNA.

2. While those who speak Indo-European languages like Hindi, Punjabi, Bengali have far more.

3. As far as agriculture is concerned, prior work has found that farming spread to Europe via people of Anatolian ancestry.

4. The study also points out that these steppe land herders have left their genetic mark on most Europeans living today.

   

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