GI tag for Coffee Varieties – Environment and Economy
The Geographical Indications Registry has approved the Geographical Indication (GI) tag for coffee varieties viz. Coorg Arabica Coffee, Wayanad Robusta Coffee, Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee, Araku Valley Arabica Coffee and Bababudangiri Arabica Coffee.
Coorg Arabica Coffee
- Kodagu district of Karnataka is famous for Coffee cultivation. The unique biotic and abiotic conditions provide uniqueness to the Coffee grown in the region of Kodagu. The broader landscape provides it with a unique aroma and flavour to the coffee when roasted.
- Wayanad Robusta Coffee
- Wayanad Robusta Coffee both as a pure crop and as mixed crop along with pepper in the Wayanad region of Kerala. Wayanad produces almost around 90% of Kerala’s Coffee produce and forms the backbone of the coffee economy of Kerala.
Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee
Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee is grown in Chikmagalur district, Karnataka. It is the region in India where the coffee cultivation first began.
Bababudangiri Arabica Coffee
Bababudangiri Arabica Coffee is grown in the Bababudangiri region of Karnataka. Bababudangiri in Chikmanglur District of Karnataka is where the coffee was first grown in India. The coffee grown here is known for its unique flavour and aroma. Selectively hand-picked and processes by natural fermentation, the cup exhibits full body, acidity, mild flavour and striking aroma with a note of chocolate which makes it unique.
Araku Valley Arabica Coffee
Araku Valley Arabica Coffee has a pleasant acidity with a citrus note of grapefruit and a mild jaggery-like sweetness with light to medium strength. It is grown in regions of Visakhapatnam district in Andhra Pradesh and Koraput district in Odisha
West Nile Virus - Science
A seven-year-old in Kerala has been detected with the West Nile Virus. The central government has sent the team to the state and is monitoring the case closely.
- West Nile Virus is a viral infection which typically spread by mosquitoes and results in neurological disease as well as death in people.
- The Virus is the member of the flavivirus genus and belongs to the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of the family Flaviviridae. It was first detected in a woman in the West Nile district of Uganda in 1937 and was later identified in birds (crows and Columbiformes) in the Nile delta region in 1953
- Spread of Disease
- The disease spreads through mosquito bites. Mosquitoes are infected when they feed on infected birds. The virus then circulates in blood and multiplies. The virus also travels to salivary glands from where it is injected into humans as well as animals through mosquito bites. There have been no reports of human-to-human transmission through casual contact till date. But a small proportion of human infections have reported through organ transplant, blood transfusions and breast milk while one case of transplacental.
People infected with WNV suffer from fever, headache, fatigue, body aches, nausea, vomiting, occasionally with a skin rash (on the trunk of the body) and swollen lymph glands. In case of severe West Nile disease, the patient suffers from headache, high fever, neck stiffness, disorientation, stupor, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness and paralysis. One in 150 persons infected with the virus will develop a severe form of the disease, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). There are no vaccines to prevent or medications to treat the infection.